New South Wales Convict Heritage

Between 1788 and 1842 approximately 80,0000 convicts were transported to the penal settlement of New South Wales. Of these, approximately 85% were men and 15% were women. Almost two thirds of convicts were English, along with a small number of Scottish and Welsh. Irish prisoners made up the remaining one third. For the most part convicts sent to Australia were not violent criminals. Many were supporters of Irish independence or victims of social injustice.